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Artificial Intelligence

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The Age of Spiritual Machines : When Computer Exceed Human Intelligence
Science of the ArtificialThe Sciences of the Artificial by Herbert Alexander Simon

"People sometimes ask me what they should read to find out about artificial intelligence. Herbert Simon's book The Sciences of the Artificial is always on the list I give them. Every page issues a challenge to conventional thinking, and the layman who digests it well will certainly understand what the field of artificial intelligence hopes to accomplish. I recommend it in the same spirit that I recommend Freud to people who ask about psychoanalysis, or Piaget to those who ask about child psychology: If you want to learn about a subject, start by reading its founding fathers." -- George A. Miller, Complex Information Processing

Continuing his exploration of the organization of complexity and the science of design, this new edition of Herbert Simon's classic work on artificial intelligence adds a chapter that sorts out the current themes and tools -- chaos, adaptive systems, genetic algorithms -- for analyzing complexity and complex systems. There are updates throughout the book as well. These take into account important advances in cognitive psychology and the science of design while confirming and extending the book's basic thesis: that a physical symbol system has the necessary and sufficient means for intelligent action. The chapter "Economic Reality" has also been revised to reflect a change in emphasis in Simon's thinking about the respective roles of organizations and markets in economic systems.

Herbert A. Simon is Richard King Mellon University Professor of Computer Science and Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, and 1978 Nobel Laureate in Economics.

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Maintained by the Philosophy and Artificial Intelligence Group.  Philosophy and Artificial intelligence: topics overlap with philosophy  of probability, causality, science and mathematics.  

Site Includes:


Artificial Intelligence

Created by the students and educators of Think Quest.  This site offers information and history about the field of Artificial Intelligence. Includes recent news stories and links to other sites.  


Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the area of computer science focusing on creating machines that can engage on behaviors that humans consider intelligent. The ability to create intelligent machines has intrigued humans since ancient times, and today with the advent of the computer and 50 years of research into AI programming techniques, the dream of smart machines is becoming a reality. Researchers are creating systems which can mimic human thought, understand speech, beat the best human chess player, and countless other feats never before possible. Find out how the military is applying AI logic to its hi-tech systems, and how in the near future Artificial Intelligence may impact our lives.  

Site Includes:

bulletAn overview of AI and this site
bulletInterviews with scientists and researchers
bulletA look at the events which have shaped the AI field
bulletOther AI resources available on the net
bulletAI in the News
bulletMethods used to create intelligence
bulletAn updated message board
bulletTry out some basic AI programs
bulletHow AI is being applied to systems
bulletExamples of notable AI programs


MSN Computing Central

This site defines itself as an Artificial Intelligence forum.  Here you can post comments and questions on the message board, read newsletters, or check the chat schedule.  

Site Includes:

bulletChat Room
bulletTalk to a Computer
bulletCommon Questions
bulletRelated Links
bulletMessage Boards


Academic Information on Computer Science

This directory of sites on computer science includes links to sites on programming languages, artificial intelligence, computer ethics and technical reports. A list of academic organizations is also included.


Artificial Neural Networks and Computational Brain Theory Group

An interdisciplinary graduate and faculty discussion group at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, addressing issues in neuroscience, cognitive science, and distributed artificial intelligence, which concern the functional design of the nervous system and the construction of large-scale, biologically inspired artificial neural network systems. Visitors are always welcome.

Computational neurology is a new field of science that uses computers to make simulations of nerve cells. This site describes the work of a research group in this field and the related field of artificial intelligence.  Site Includes:


Intelligent Systems Laboratory

The Intelligent Systems Laboratory is an interdisciplinary team studying artificial intelligence at the University of Alabama at Huntsville's Center for Automation and Robotics. This site showcases the laboratory's projects.


Deep Space 1

Information on NASA's space probe used as a test bed for futuristic technologies. Mission status and information on the products and technologies involved are included.


Mind-Brain Society

Brown University's Mind-Brain Society offers links to groups involved with artificial intelligence, consciousness, robotics and related disciplines at this site. Users will also find a list of the Mind-Brain Society's current projects and upcoming events.


Journal for Artificial Intelligence

Refereed journal disseminates research, news and info about all aspects of AI. With past and present editions available online.

JAIR (ISSN 1076-9757) covers all areas of artificial intelligence (AI), publishing refereed research articles, survey articles, and technical notes. Established in 1993 as one of the first electronic scientific journals, JAIR is indexed by INSPEC, Science Citation Index, and MathSciNet. JAIR reviews papers within approximately two months of submission and publishes accepted articles on the internet immediately upon receiving the final versions. JAIR articles are published for free distribution on the internet by the AI Access Foundation, and for purchase in bound volumes by Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.


Artificial Intelligence Resources

From the Institute for Information Technology.  

Site Includes:

bulletAI Archives for News Groups and Mailing Lists -- archive sites for some of the AI news groups and mailing lists
bulletAI Bibliographies -- searchable bibliographic databases of AI literature
bulletAI Companies -- companies whose main business involves AI
bulletAI Conferences -- CFPs (calls for papers) for most upcoming AI conferences
bulletAI Employment Opportunities -- job postings for AI workers
bulletAI FAQs  -- Frequently Asked Questions about AI
bulletAI Journals -- information on various AI journals
bulletAI Location Index -- various AI research groups, organized geographically
bulletAI News Groups -- a list of AI News Groups and AI-related News Groups, with live links
bulletAI Personal Home Pages -- pointers to lists of AI personal pages
bulletAI Publishers -- pointers to publishers that carry some AI books or journals
bulletAI Repositories and Resource Lists -- other resource lists, maintained by CMU
bulletAI Software Repositories and Directories -- various AI related software products
bulletAI Subject Index -- various AI resources, organized by subfield
bulletCanadian AI Companies -- a list of Canadian Companies involved in AI
bulletCanadian AI Projects -- a list of AI projects in Canada
bulletComputer Science Technical Reports -- how to find on-line Computer Science papers, including AI
bulletDictionary of Computing -- an excellent on-line dictionary of computing terminology


Newsgroup: ai

Features moderated and unmoderated discussions of artificial intelligence. The topics include genetic algorithms, the Journal of Artificial Intelligence, computer language processing, neural networks and vision research.


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