Andrew Carpenter wrote his dissertation, "Kant's Earliest Solution to the Mind/Body Problem", under the direction of Professors Hannah Ginsborg and Daniel Warren at the University of California at Berkeley.
You will find excerpts from the dissertation, among other more recent
writings at Andrew's
Andrew's work on Kant is the first detailed study of Kant's philosophy of mind in
Thoughts on the True Estimation of Living Forces (1747). He focuses on four topics: Kant's criticism of the Wolffian notion of
vis motrix, his solution to the "heterogeneity problem," his attempts to locate the soul in space, and his understanding of role of the body in cognition.
Carpenter's work provides a clearer account of the course of Kant's pre-critical thought, and especially of Kant's early concern with embodiment.
He devotes a chapter to the "embodied cognition" articulated in the much-overlooked
Appendix to Kant's Universal Natural History and Theory of the Heavens (1755).
He also uses the recently-published Lectures on Metaphysics to explore Kant's responses to three problems that plagued his early philosophy of mind: a contradiction in his rational psychology; the lack of a criterion for distinguishing material and immaterial simples; and possessing no consistent explanation of how souls act in space.
He concludes that these problems were crucial for the development of the critical philosophy.
Andrew has presented this research to several national and international conferences, and will soon publish two reviews that relate
his work to recent studies by Susan Shell, Alison Laywine, Robin Schott, and Eric Watkins. This work was supported by fellowships from the University of California and Amherst College.
Below is a representative list of Andrew Carpenter's work. For
an extensive Vitae, as well as a glimpse on Andrew's current projects, visit
A New Approach to history and evolution based, based not on one evolution, but the transition
between them. Based on Kant's Challenge, Is there a pattern of Universal History. The theory
revolves around Kant's Third Antinomy.
This work documents the discovery of the eonic effect in the context of the explosive growth in our archaeological and historical knowledge. This uses nothing but the simplest elements of turning point analysis,
periodization, and historical correlation, to construct a frequency hypothesis with respect to the emergence of civilization. We can bypass the metaphysical quagmires that haunt metaphysical history with a tactic no more complex than that of the economist studying economic cycles...
The Eonic Effect: A Glimpse of Evolution is to be
published by Xlibris Books in November, 1999.
Subject: evolution, Kant,
universal history, civilization
Biography by Peter Landry at blupete.com.
Kant was born in Königsberg; he spent his life there; he died there. At the age of
forty-six, Kant received an appointment as a professor of logic and metaphysics at his alma
mater the University of Königsberg. His famous claim: "Though our knowledge
begins with experience, it does not follow that it arises out of experience." A
philosophical classic is his work Critique
of Pure Reason wherein he asserts that our perceptual apparatus is
capable of ordering sense-impressions into intelligible unities, which, while in
themselves cannot be proven, we are led to conclude through "pure reason," that
intelligible unities, such as God, freedom, and immortality, do exist; and that the
formation of such intelligible unities are practical necessities for one's life. An
admirer of Rousseau,
Kant's work gave rise to the Idealist school (Fichte,
Essay by Kelly Ross.
Kant's most original contribution to philosophy is his "Copernican
Revolution," that, as he puts it, it is the representation that makes the object
possible rather than the object that makes the representation possible. This introduced
the human mind as an active originator of experience rather than a passive recipient of
perception. This all now seems obvious: the mind could be a tabula rasa no more
than a bathtub full of silicon chips could be a digital computer. Perceptual input must be
processed or it would just be noise--"less even than a dream" or
"nothing to us," as Kant alternatively puts it.
Taking up again the tradition of
the Friesian School, this is a
non-peer-reviewed electronic journal and archive of philosophy, inaugurated on line July
6, 1996, four years before the end of the Century,
just as the brilliant, courageous, prolific, and little appreciated German philosopher Leonard Nelson (1882-1927)
started his Abhandlungen der Fries'schen Schule, Neue Folge, attempting a
"Reformation of Philosophy," four years after the beginning of the Century.
Proceedings of the Friesian School, Fourth Series seeks to promote the further development
of the Critical Philosophy of Immanuel
Kant (1724-1804) in the direction indicated by Sir Karl Popper's remark in The Open
Society and Its Enemies that "serious men," such as Arthur Schopenhauer
(1788-1860) and Jakob
Friedrich Fries (1773-1843), did not at first take seriously the "senseless and
maddening webs of words" (as Schopenhauer put it) of G.W.F. Hegel.
Writings on Kant:
|Glossary of technical terms
in Kant from Stephen Palmquist's Kant's System of Perspectives |
|Short Selections on Kant by
Allsion and Scruton (plus other information)|
|Bjorn's Kant page
including links to texts, images, other philosophers, and a brief biography of Kant|
list of Kant links|
|Safe Haven web page on Kant,
including quotations and an overview of several paragraphs on the central ideas of Kant's
|Richard Lee's seminar in
Kantian Ethical Theory|
|Steve Palmquist's list of links to Web
Resources on Kant, including indexes, secondary sources, e-mail addresses of Kant
scholars, programs of the Kant congress, and even a program that generates text of
|Steve Palmquist's list of links to Kant's
writings available on the web|
|Steve Palmquist's list of links to Secondary
sources (e-texts) on Kant available on the web |
|Dr. G. J. Mattey's page of
|Dr. G. J. Mattey's brief lexicon
of terms used by Kant|
|Dr. G. J. Mattey's lecture
notes for a course on Kant at U.C. Davis|
|Lawrence M. Hinman's "Ethics
Update" on Kant's moral theory|
|Summary of Kant's
Philosophy by G.J. Mattey|
|John Clarke's outline of Kant's first
|Brief biography by Garth
|European General Assembly of
Students in Philosophy page on Kant|
|Malaspina page of Kant links
including a couple of lectures on Kant and links to Kant books|
|Essay Topics on Kant's Perpetual
Peace and Other Essays |
|Listserv Discussion on
Kant: samples and how to join |
|Brief biography of Kant, stolen by
someone (Ron Turner) from Microsoft Encarta |
|Syllabus (unsigned) for a
course on Kant at Lancaster University, with brief definitions of technical terms by
|Syllabus for Leslie
Stevenson's course on Kant's Critique of Pure Reason |
|A Brief discussion of Kant's Influence
by Institute for Learning Technologies|
|Kant's Metaphysics Hannah
Hardgrave's notes for Philosophy 111 at Wake Forest |
|Summary of Critique and Totality by Pierre Kerszberg |
|Winfried Krauss's Kant
pages These are in German. Includes important dates in Kant's life and a list of his
writings (with dates).|
Kant page |
|Kantian Review (a
|A Complete Condordance to Kemp
Smith's Translation of Immanuel Kant's Critique of Pure Reason |