Allan Janik, Stephen Toulmin (Contributor)
Midwest Book Review
Wittgenstein's Vienna is a remarkable book about the most
important and original philosopher of our age, the corrupt
Austro-Hungarian Empire on the eve of its dissolution, and
Vienna with its fin-de-siecle gaiety and its corrosive
melancholy. Ludwig Wittgenstein was a brilliant and gifted young
thinker who forged his ideas in a classical revolt against the
stuffy, doomed, and moralistic lives of the old regime. As a
portrait of Wittgenstein, Wittgenstein's Vienna is superbly
realized; it is a portrait of the age, with dazzling and unusual
parallels to our own confused society. Wittgenstein's Vienna is
informative background reading for philosophy students and any
non-specialist general reader with an interest in the modern
history of western philosophy.
The life and culture of Hapsburg, Vienna before World War I--the
city of Freud, Schoenberg, Klimt, and Wittgenstein, whose
philosophy announced the birth of the modern era.
From the Internet
Encyclopedia of Philosophy, this article is an excellent
introduction to the philosophy and philosophers of logical positivism.
Article ends with a good bibliography.
School of philosophy risen in Austria and Germany during 1920s,
primarily concerned with the logical analysis of scientific knowledge.
Among its members were Moritz Schlick, founder of the Vienna Circle,
Rudolf Carnap, the leading figure of logical positivism, Hans
Reichenbach, founder of the Berlin Circle, Herbert Feigl, Philipp Frank,
Kurt Grelling, Hans Hahn, Carl Gustav Hempel, Victor Kraft, Otto Neurath,
Logical positivists denied the soundness of metaphysics and
traditional philosophy; they asserted that many philosophical problems
are indeed meaningless. During 1930s the most important representatives
of logical positivism emigrated to USA, where they influenced American
philosophy. Until 1950s logical positivism was the leading philosophy of
science; today its influence persists especially in the way of doing
philosophy, in the great attention given to the analysis of scientific
thought and in the definitely acquired results of the technical
researches on formal logic and the theory of probability...