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Logical Positivism

Texts:  Logical Positivism
Texts:  Logical Empiricism
Texts:  Analytic Philosophy
Texts:  Vienna Circle
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The Crisis of Western Philosophy
coverWittgenstein's Vienna by Allan Janik, Stephen Toulmin (Contributor)

Midwest Book Review
Wittgenstein's Vienna is a remarkable book about the most important and original philosopher of our age, the corrupt Austro-Hungarian Empire on the eve of its dissolution, and Vienna with its fin-de-siecle gaiety and its corrosive melancholy. Ludwig Wittgenstein was a brilliant and gifted young thinker who forged his ideas in a classical revolt against the stuffy, doomed, and moralistic lives of the old regime. As a portrait of Wittgenstein, Wittgenstein's Vienna is superbly realized; it is a portrait of the age, with dazzling and unusual parallels to our own confused society. Wittgenstein's Vienna is informative background reading for philosophy students and any non-specialist general reader with an interest in the modern history of western philosophy. 

Book Description
The life and culture of Hapsburg, Vienna before World War I--the city of Freud, Schoenberg, Klimt, and Wittgenstein, whose philosophy announced the birth of the modern era.


Logical Positivists:
Rudolf Carnap
Herbert Feigl 
Philipp Frank 
Kurt Gödel 
Hans Hahn 
Carl G. Hempel
David Hilbert
Karl Menger 
Richard Von Mises
Otto Neurath 
Hans Reichenbach
Moritz Schlick 
Friedrich Waismann  


Logical Positivism
From the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, this article is an excellent introduction to the philosophy and philosophers of logical positivism. Article ends with a good bibliography.


School of philosophy risen in Austria and Germany during 1920s, primarily concerned with the logical analysis of scientific knowledge. Among its members were Moritz Schlick, founder of the Vienna Circle, Rudolf Carnap, the leading figure of logical positivism, Hans Reichenbach, founder of the Berlin Circle, Herbert Feigl, Philipp Frank, Kurt Grelling, Hans Hahn, Carl Gustav Hempel, Victor Kraft, Otto Neurath, Friedrich Waismann.

Logical positivists denied the soundness of metaphysics and traditional philosophy; they asserted that many philosophical problems are indeed meaningless. During 1930s the most important representatives of logical positivism emigrated to USA, where they influenced American philosophy. Until 1950s logical positivism was the leading philosophy of science; today its influence persists especially in the way of doing philosophy, in the great attention given to the analysis of scientific thought and in the definitely acquired results of the technical researches on formal logic and the theory of probability...


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