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Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762 - 1814)

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Philosophy Books  Fichte's Theory of Subjectivity

Fichte's Theory of Subjectivity
by Frederick Neuhouser

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coverFichte's Transcendental Philosophy : The Original Duplicity of Intelligence and Will (Modern European Philosophy) by Gunter Zoller.  

This is the first book in English on the major works of the German philosopher Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762-1814). It examines the transcendental theory of self and world from the writings of Fichte's most influential period (1794-1800), and considers in detail recently discovered lectures on the Foundations of Transcendental Philosophy. Combining incomparable erudition, sensitive readings of some of the most difficult of philosophical texts, clarity in exposition and an acute awareness of historical context, this book takes its place as the ideal introduction to Fichte's thought.

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North American Fichte Society

The NAFS is a body of scholars in North America and elsewhere devoted to the study of the German philosopher J. G. Fichte. This site is intended to encourage the study of his work by making available information that will enable scholars to follow and participate in current developments in Fichte research.

Fichte's Idealism

Article on German Idealism from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.


To get at the bottom of the matter, it was felt that human consciousness as a starting-point would have to be abandoned and an absolute consciousness posited. From this reality of absolute consciousness, then, individual consciousness could be deduced in a manner, analogous to that employed by Kant. The first to attempt such a comprehensive solution of the problem was Johann Gottlieb Fichte. Starting from Kant's idealistic position he tried to overcome the dualism involved in Kant's doctrine of a (thing in itself) by bringing this mysterious reality into consciousness. To do this he dropped the Kantian distinction between practical and theoretical reason, and conceived of the absolute mind, or ego, as moral reason. In his view all existence is psychical, and the human mind is only a manifestation of the absolute ego. Thus, the last trace of an unknowable transcendent reality is obliterated. The absolute ego has divided itself into a large number of relative egos, and through these it is moving progressively toward its own destiny. The core of reality lies in human personality, in the finite mind, but this is caught up in an endless process of development...

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